Written assignment

Written assignment (Grammar and Vocabulary Course)
Hiroaki Masuda

a)
“Grammar is difficult, challenging and even exhausting.”
If students are asked what they think about grammar, many of them will answer so. I also agree with that. Nowadays, many people learn foreign languages, especially English or French, from elementary school. They get used to learning grammar and teachers also get used to teaching it. However, they often have difficulty in learning and teaching it. In the following essay, I would like to put forth some reasons why grammar is difficult, challenging, and even exhausting to learn and to teach.

First of all, for non-native speakers, their own grammar and the grammar of other languages they are learning can be, depending on the language, similar or completely different. For example, my mother tongue is Japanese and there is a great difference in grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation compared to English. In English, in general, sentences consist of SVO(O) or SVC (S:subject, V:verb, O:object, C:complement), on the other hand, in general, Japanese sentences consist of SO(O)V or SCV. That is why when I was a high school student, I would often be confused by word orders. Furthermore, English has some elements of grammar that Japanese does not have. For instance, the perfect tense. In regard to the perfect tense, we learn in high school that it has three meanings, which are completion, experience, and continuation. For example, the perfect tense in the sentence, “I have been to Germany.” means experience, “I have done my homework.” means completion. However, it is difficult for many Japanese students to recognize which of the three meanings this sentence has, and when they actually should use it because Japanese does not have it and we express that meaning in present form. Moreover, it is also hard for teachers to teach such grammatical topics , for most of them learned English grammar in Japanese and thus cannot understand the essence of the present tense. Can such teachers teach students English grammar well and encourage them to learn English grammar? For that reason, many non-native speakers think learning and teaching grammar is difficult and challenging.

Secondly, even if we learn grammar, we cannot become good at communicating with native speakers and in addition to that, even if we have incomplete grammar, we can make ourselves understood in that language. That is why we have less motivation to learn grammar and find it exhausting. After I started to learn German, my German took the place of my English in my brain and when I speak English, German bothers me. For example, when I use an auxiliary verb, I often put verbs at the end of a sentence, because in German we have to put verbs at the end of a sentence when using an auxiliary verb. Because of that and other grammatical differences, I often make mistakes regarding word orders. However, when I talk with English native speakers in English, I do not have many difficulties communicating with them. For example,when I asked them, whether they could understand what I said, they said they could and my English was enough to communicate. After this experience, I tried to speak English without caring about grammar so much, and it generally goes well. Also for that reason, many people think grammar is not so important, and it is just a waste of labor.Word choice

Last, I would like to saWrite “add” or “mention”.y that in many elements of grammar, pronunciation and spelling there are so many exceptions. If all conjugations of verbs were regular, how it would be easy to learn and teach because we would only have to follow rules. In reality, however, we have to learn the conjugation of verbs of the past tense and the past perfect tense by heart. It is exhausting and difficult for students.

As stated above, grammar is difficult, challenging and even exhausting. However, grammar is not an essence of languages but just a tool to make communication fluent and make other people really understand what we want to say (communicate). Grammar is a big part of learning languages, but we don’t have to stick to that.

b)
I stated a negative opinion about learning grammar in my written assignment a), but (I think that) it is very important for those who want to work internationally to learn grammar, because if we do not know grammar well, listeners think we are unreliable or they hesitate to say what they really think. Nowadays, so many people are studying and working internationally, and we have to learn English. In this international world, if we do not have a good command of English, we can be looked down on by others, or we can have fewer chances of finding a good job. To avoid this situation, we have to learn grammar and vocabulary. For that reason, the grammar and vocabulary courses at the university are very helpful and necessary.
As to our class, I wanted to review grammar inclusively. We have already learned so much English grammar and have the base (that is why we could take B2-C1 class). However, because we do not often speak English, we forget it. I think most students come to this class to revise the English grammar we have learned. That is why it is better to learn, not just intensively, some parts of grammar, such as the past perfect or phrasal verbs, but to revise English grammar inclusively. If we revise grammar we have forgotten, we can remember other elements we have forgotten.St