Unit 1.1: Support healthy lifestyles for children through the provision of food and nutrition
Providing the children with the correct sizes of food portion that contains different nutrient, vitamins and minerals will affect their health and growth. Therefore, it’s important for children to have a varied diet containing lots of different foods to get all the nutrients they need.
A balanced diet is made up of seven nutrition groups which are defined as the followings:
Nutrient Use in the body Good Sources
Carbohydrate They give is energy Sugary and starchy food like Potatoes, rice, cereals, pasta, bread and some fruits and vegetables.
Proteins They help our body grow and repair itself. Meats, poultry, fish, dairy products, eggs and beans.
Fats They provide energy and help in building. Dairy products, red meats, some poultry and fish.
Fiber It helps us digest our food. Cereals, fruits, bread and vegetables
Minerals Iron is good for blood, Calcium is good for bones and magnesium is good for nerves. Fresh fruits and vegetables
Vitamins (e.g. A, B, C, D, E). They are good for keeping our bodies healthy. They are good for the skin, bones and teeth. Dairy products (milk, eggs, and butter), fresh fruits and vegetables.
Water Needed for cells and body fluids Fruit, juice, milk, water.
It is important to encourage children to eat nutritious, balanced diet to help them grow and develop optimally, and the most important thing is to prevent obesity.
There are many local organizations offering their services to teach children about their food and encourage them to make healthier changes by helping schools to serve healthy food and teaching kids how to grow and cook their food like: Food for Life, The Children’s Food Campaign, Change 4 Life and Eat Smart, Play Smart (Penny Tassoni; 2014). On the other hand, there are many initiatives in UAE that promote healthy eating for kids to reduce childhood obesity through providing nutritious food in schools like Eat Healthy Live Healthy and Healthy Restaurant (gulf news; 2015-2016).
Children should have health, nutritious and balanced meals as per Food and Drink Policy and Procedure for the Early Years Foundation Stage, so the provider must:
Be informed from the parents if there are any special dietary demands and food allergies that the child may have.
There must be appropriate area to provide healthy meals, snakes and drinks for kids.
The availability of fresh water for children at all times.
There must be suitable facilities for the hygienic perpetration of food for children.
The staff who preparing the food must receive training in food hygiene.
(EYFS statutory frameworks; 2017)
Task 3 – Part 1
To maintain women’s health during pregnancy and the health of the fetus every woman has to be healthy before pregnancy which means following a healthy, balanced and nutritious diet.
Healthy eating before pregnancy divided into five food groups’ categories as tabulated below:
Category What to eat
Grains Foods that are made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal and barley.
Vegetables Dark green, red and orange vegetables, legumes and starchy vegetables.
Fruits Fruits or any 100% fruit juice counts as part of the fruits group.
Dairy Fat – free or Low – Fat Dairy products that are high in calcium (milk products).
Protein Low – fat or Lean meats and poultry. More fish, nuts, seeds, peas and beans.
What to avoid: Sugary foods, pre – packed foods and slimming diet.
Pregnant woman should follow the five food groups’ categories as mentioned above in addition to:
It’s a nutrient in some green leafy vegetable, nuts, beans, citrus fruits, fortified breakfast cereals and some vitamin supplements. It can help reduce the risk of birth defects of the brain and spinal cord (neural tube defects).
Many women have low Iron stores as a result of the monthly period. Building iron stores helps prepare a mother’s body for the needs of the fetus during pregnancy.
Good sources of iron include the followings:
Meats such as beef, pork, lamb, liver and other organs of meat.
Poultry such as chicken, duck and turkey.
Fish and shellfish including Sardines, anchovies, clams, mussels and oysters.
Leafy greens of cabbage family such as broccoli, kale, turnip greens and collards.
Legumes such as lima beans and green peas, dry beans and peas such as pinto beans and black – eyed peas and canned baked beans.
Whole – grain breads and iron – enriched white bread, pasta, rice and cereals.
The pregnant woman should take 1000 milligrams of Calcium, or three serving of milk or other dairy products each day equals about 1000 milligrams of calcium (Penny Tassoni; 2014).
Vitamin (C): It helps the absorption of iron from non-meat sources.
Vitamin (D): It keeps bones healthy
The daily diet should include plenty of fiber to prevent constipation, and help to keep the calorie intake down.
Cutting down of fatty foods.
Pregnant woman should avoid certain foods because it may cause food poisoning for the mother. At the other times, certain foods contain harmful bacteria and toxins that can cause problems for the fetus.
During breastfeeding the mother should follow a healthy diet as well as during pregnancy.
The nursing mother needs extra calcium and water, so she should have at least ½ liter of milk and pot of yoghurt or some cheese each day, and should drink 1 ½ to 2 liter of water a day. The Food Standards Agency recommends that breastfeeding mothers take supplements containing 10 (mcg) of vitamin D each Day (Penny Tassoni; 2014).
Task 3 – Part2
3.2During the first six months breast milk is very important for the baby because it has high level of antibodies and it provides all the energy, nutrients and fluids that the baby needs in order to grow healthily. On the other hand, infant formulas are a nutritious alternative to breast milk, and even contain some vitamins and nutrients that breastfeed babies need to get from supplements.
3.3weaning is introducing solid food gradually to the baby. This stage should be start once the baby is ready according to the following signs:
Baby can sit up and hold hisher head steady.
Baby can coordinate hisher eyes, hands and mouth so that heshe can look at the food, pick it up and put it in hisher mouth.
Baby can swallow food.
There are some foods that should be avoided for the babies under 26 weeks such as:
Foods containing gluten, which is in wheat, rye, barley and oats.
Fish and shellfish
Citrus fruit juices.
Nuts and seeds.
There are three stages of weaning, each stage is important as it helps babies to learn the skills of eating and it’s introduce new tastes and foods. These stages as tabulated below:
Stage 1 (From 6 months) Pureed food and mashed foods in addition to breast milk or infant formula.
Stage 2 (From 6 -8 months) Pureed or minced meat, chicken, liver, fish, lentils and beans.
Milk feeds decrease as more solids rich in protein are offered.
Stage 3 (from 8 – 12 months) Lumpier foods such as pasta, pieces of cooked meat, soft cooked beans, pieces of cheese and verity of breads. Cow’s milk can be used safely at about 1 year in addition to water and drinks
There are many methods for weaning can be explained as the followings:
Allow babies to practice chewing and encourage them to feed themselves.
Finger foods include:
Cooked vegetables (e.g. Sticks of carrot, pieces of broccoli, green beans).
Pieces of peeled soft ripe fruit (banana, peach, pear, mango and melon).
Fingers of pitta bread or toast.
Sticks of cheese.
Baby – led weaning :
It means to allow the babies to feed themselves from the very start of weaning.
Offering pieces of broccoli, carrot or fruit on a tray for the babies to encourage them to feed themselves as much as possible and to be involved in mealtimes.
Unit 1.1: Support healthy lifestyles for children through exercise
It is very important for children to make daily exercises to be physically active.
There are many benefits why children should exercise daily:
Help strengthen their bones and muscles.
Increase children’s self-confidence and belief.
Teaches them the importance of exercise.
Helps keep their mental state of mind healthy.
The child will be less likely to become overweight.
Learning new skills.
Have a better outlook in life.
Decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.
(©2017Get Active Sports)
Physical development is one of the three prime areas within the Early Years Foundation Stage.
It’s about giving children the opportunities to be active and interactive and to develop their coordination, control and movement.
Also, they must be helped to understand the importance of physical activities.
Physical development Early Learning Goals are:
Moving and handling: Showing a good control and coordination in large and small movements, and handling equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.
Health and Self-care: Children knowing the importance of physical exercise and a healthy diet. The children’s abilities of managing their own basic hygiene and personal means successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.
(Statutory framework for the early year’s foundation stage; 2017)
There are many local initiatives that promote children’s exercise. These initiatives focus on outdoor physical play and showing the importance of playing and exercising for young children like Play England, Play Scotland and Play Wales. On the other hand, there are many initiatives in UAE have been launched to raise the awareness about physical exercise for children like Good Health and Exercise Campaign and 2021 Healthy Children.
Working with parents is very beneficial to children’s learning and development in many ways explained as below:
The practitioners can get information about children from their parents.
The child will feel secure and he / she will be more active.
Practitioners and parents can share tips and hints about what the child likes to do.
If parents were involved in the physical activities, then their children are likely to imitate their parent’s positive behavior.
Parents can encourage their children during the exercise.
Parents will be aware of the importance of exercising for their children and themselves.