Transgenic organisms offer a more viable and effective future in human health

Transgenic organisms offer a more viable and effective future in human health. Transgenic organisms are organisms whose genomes have been genetically modified (2015, Genetics Generation), they are also known as Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO’s) or Genetically Modified (GM) crops. GM crops will provide an overall improved future in human health due to factors such as, the modification of crops to have direct benefits on health and secondary effects on people involved in the industry. But there must be dark clouds surrounding this issue, right? In fact, there are negative impacts tangled around this technology, like underlying health issues caused by GMO’s that are yet to be stumbled upon, but this is highly unlikely due to the strict regulations and strenuous testing GM crops are pressured by.
DNA technology allows scientists to change the genome of an organism, the ability to change a crop’s genome permits for the addition of vitamins and minerals, this is a major health benefit for human health made possible through GM crops. The addition of extra vitamins and/or minerals will be an effective to assist in the future of human health, for example many developing countries suffer from vitamin A deficiency (VAD), but the production of ‘Golden Rice’ can assist with this issue (2013, Saeed Akhtar, Anwaar Ahmed, Muhammad Atif Randhawa, Sunethra Atukorala, Nimmathota Arlappa, Tariq Ismail, and Zulfiqar Ali). ‘Golden Rice’ has been genetically modified to produce beta-carotene (2010, Matin Qaim) and is an effective and viable way of assisting developing countries which suffer from VAD. This method is effective and viable towards the future of human health because it provides a cost-effective way of combating VAD, compared to other costly methods that have previously and are currently being used (2015, Ghent University). This one example of how GMO’s can benefit human health through the addition of vitamins and/or minerals is a strong point towards the viability and effectiveness the transgenic organisms can have in the future. Imagine how many different crops could be modified to help benefit the world in ways such as ‘Golden Rice’ has the vast potential to.
Decreasing suicide rates and chemical use with GM crops, is a wonderful prospect in the future of human health. Although not directly improving human health through the consumption of GMO’s, these crops can improve health of farmers and workers in the industry. Evidence proves that suicide rates of farmers in India have been reduced by one third through the use of Bt cotton compared to non-genetically modified cotton (2018, Stuart Smyth) – this comes out of nowhere. The modification of crops to be more affective against weeds themselves, rather than poisoning and weeding fields is a major benefit for human health. This modification calls for less need to use harmful chemicals and less manual labour. The reduction of chemical use is a viable strategy in the future of human health which can be achieved through GM crops. Farm workers and production workers are at a higher risk of pesticide poisoning that other people (2009, Md. Wasim Aktar, Dwaipayan Sengupta and Ashim Chowdhury). Millions of people suffer from pesticide and herbicide poisoning each year, but with the introduction of weed and pest resistant crops these rates can be majorly reduced. Studies have shown that Bt cotton has reduced the rate of pesticide poisoning in developing countries, as well as reducing the use of pesticides by at least 50% (2011, Shahzad Kouser and Matin Qaim). Future use of GM crops will be a viable and effective way to improve human health through the reduction of suicide rates and chemical poisoning.
What about the negatives? Genetically modified crops must have a weak point, mustn’t they? The future in human health may not be as certain as first thought to be, GMO’s are relatively new, with relatively new technology being used to create them. There is possibility for underlying faults in GM crops hidden or unknown to the public and even to scientists in the field. With all the doubt surrounding GM crops negative points such as underlying issues for human health arises. But the possibility of this is highly unlikely, strenuous testing and strict regulation regarding the crops is taken out to ensure maximum safety. Organisations such as Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) have established rigorous and transparent testing to assess the safety of GM crops (2016, FSANZ). As well as standards such as these, strict regulations also apply to GM crops to protect the health of consumers. All states and territories act under the intergovernmental Gene Technology Agreement, this ensures a consistent regulation of GM crops throughout Australia (2018, DPIRD). With regulations and standards such as these there little possibility for underlying problems that could cause harm to the future of human health. GM crops are a viable and effective future in human health.
Overall, transgenic organisms are effective and viable in the future of human health. With undeniable benefits from the ability to add vitamins and minerals and the effect on workers in the industry, backed up with strict regulation and testing to stop unknown health issues prevailing, GM crops are the best future in human health.