The Phenakistoscope created in Joseph Plateau

The Phenakistoscope created in Joseph Plateau, 1832
The Phenakistoscope is usually in the form of a spinning cardboard disc which is attached vertically to a handle. The pictures are placed radially and when the rod is spinned the pictures will animate at 10 frames per spin
Animation works by using an optical illusion, by presenting still images in quick succession, the viewer interprets the film as continuous picture, but in fact what you see is smooth image
Persistence of vision works because the human eye and brain can only process 12 separate images per second and gives the illusion of continuity

Joseph Plateau, 1832
Was a physicist and was one of the first people to demonstrate the illusion of a moving image. He did this by showing repeating drawings showing small motion so showing 10 frames per spin would be possible
Zoetrope
The zoetrope, was invented in 1834 by William George Horner. This is easily of the earliest form of motion projectors, this instrument consisted of a drum (cylinder) containing non-moving images as the drum turned through it’s little tiny holes you could see motion. The idea is that each frame was captured in each hole.
Praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to zoetrope. It was invented in France in 1877 by Charles-Emile Reynaud. Like the zoo trope it used a line of pictures placed around the inner and spinning on a cylinder, As this line of images changes, the praxinoscope moves and as the device rotates . But what the praxinoscope did is, it replaced the slits with mirror reflecting off the pictures making the animation clearer and more visible
The Zoopraxiscope is an early device that displays moving pictures or animation. And is considered an important predecessor (pre-technology). Edward Muybridge placed several camera around a racetrack and captured all the images and combined them to create a motion, each image was on consecutively done and Edward Muybridge made sure they were in the right order. Muybridge invented his projection device, the Zoopraxiscope in 1879. Edward Muybridge was a landscape, urban and travel photographer. In 1878 Muybridge posted his first sequence of sequenced photographs. Muybridge shot many photographs of sequences of animals and humans, But a lot of his audience not many thought that his images where true so he created the zoopraxiscope which was created to show motion.
Louis lumiere work with his brother Auguste to create the first cinematic moving image camera and it was much better than Thomas Edison’s kinetoscope. I don’t know exactly how it works. But all I know
Hayao Miyazaki is a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter, animator, author and manga artist. A Co-founder of studio Ghibli, A film and animation studio, he has attained international renounce
Hayao Miyazaki one off his quote was to watch and make good animation and surpass it. Miyazaki reached a far reaching audience. In the west there is is a consant feeling that animation is constanly wasn’t made for children. His goal was to create emotional entities in his animations not to make them directed towards children, his film where made for people to understand human understanding. He admired Disney for the technical abillityies but he thought there emotional states where far too simplistic. MIyanazaki films weren’t about it’s outside flare but there inner subtleties. He’s all about animations depiction in human emotion. Miyanzaki created the empathy by the audience’s self-projection on the characters, and reality though the realistic understanding of people’s lives. Miyazaki cares about

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