The first part of free will versus fate dilemma is within Christopher’s Marlowe’s Dr

The first part of free will versus fate dilemma is within Christopher’s Marlowe’s Dr. Faustus. It must be noted that the era of greatness in Elizabethan tragedy begins with Christopher Marlowe’s Dr. Faustus. The drama concerns of Dr. Faustus, a scholar who blasphemes and sells his soul to the devil. At the end of the twenty four years of pleasure and power for which he bargained in exchange for his soul, he is carried off to his eternity in hell by the devils. Marlowe begins and ends his tragedy with choruses which sheds light on Faustus’ sins and warns of its consequences. The first chorus the very beginning of the play introduces Dr. Faustus as the educated scholar who is a successful doctor of knowledge with reference of him to Icarus, Faustus himself concerns to his own decisions from the very beginning to reach his downfall. Icarus himself is a matter of representation of a warning element for Faustus and his pride and thirst of knowledge of curiosity about the powers he seeks. The determination he has to explore the lust of power and its magical loops dwells him eventually to his hellish fall. Faustus’ acknowledge of the existence of God is present, he is aware of his sins and has asked Mephistopheles about hell more than once, but his pride is the core of his downfall.
CHORUS. Till, swoll’n with cunning of self-conceit,
His waxen wings did mount above his reach,
And, melting, heavens conspired his overthrow” ( Prologue 20-22)
Faustus is aware of his deserving punishment. From the very beginning of the play, Faustus lack of patience with the knowledge of his time leads him to embrace the pact with Satan to fulfill his thirst through blasphemy. In act one, scene one Faustus dismisses Aristotle, Galen and Justinian, but his dismissal of Jerome’s bible is another reference to his self-made decisions of his own mind and not driven by fate. Aristotle believes that it is up to the human to act or not, where in this case implied on Faustus’ actions o possibility to make decisions and his moral responsibility. As Aristotle states in his book Nichomachean Ethics:
” But if it is manifest that a man is the author of his own actions, if we are unable to trace conduct back to any other origins than those within ourselves, then actions of which the origins are within us, themselves depend upon us , and are voluntary.” (Aristotle, 350 B.C.E, III.v.6)
To add more, Faustus ignores the many chances he has to repent and avoid eternal damnation, yet he decides to sway with his thrive of power and knowledge. Each time the character of Good and Evil Angels address Faustus, he manages to blow his chance of redemption in reference to his own decision over and over again of his rebuke of redemption. For example:
GOOD ANGEL. O Faustus, lay that damned book aside,
And gaze not on it, lest it tempt thy soul,
And heap God’s heavy wrath upon thy head!
Read, read the Scriptures. That is blasphemy. (1.1.72-75)
On the other hand, the Evil Angel tends to seduce Faustus with the powers he will receive form sorcery and the god-like status:
EVIL ANGEL. Be thou on earth as Jove is in the sky,
Lord and commander of these elements. (1.1.78-79)
Faustus’ imagination starts to wander with the word of the Evil Angel and tends to storm with all the powers and abilities he shall receive through black magic and to endure actions that no human being have already dreamed of. From the use of his new magical powers, Faustus actions are of his own mind of thoughts and inner desires.