The Electoral College is a group of people that were appointed by each state, who formly elected the President and Vice President of the United States. “The body was established in 1788 by Article II of the US Constitution, that conjointly established the chief branch of the U.S. government, and was revised by the twelfth change (ratified Gregorian calendar month fifteen, 1804), the Fourteenth Amendment (ratified July 1868), and the Twenty-Third Amendment (ratified Mar.29, 1961). Because the procedure for electing the president is a component of the Constitution, a Constitutional Amendment (which requires two-thirds approval in both houses of Congress plus approval by 38 states) would be needed to get rid of the Electoral College” (McCleary).
In Article 2 Section 1 Clause 2 of the Constitution talks about how many electors each state is required or entitled to have. Since 1964, there have always been exactly 538 electors in each of the presidential elections. They decided on the number 538 by figuring out that the number of electors is equal to the total voting membership of the United States Congress. There are a total of 435 representatives, plus 100 senators and 3 from the District of Columbia. The Democratic candidate and Republican Candidate each attempt to add up electors in every state possible so that they can potentially pass up 270 electoral votes, or get over 538 votes to win the presidency.
Each state gets an exact number of electors based on the population size. Every 10 years the census is conducted, which mean states can either lose or gain more electors. A candidate can win by popular vote and not by electoral votes.
The United States should keep the electoral college, because I believe it is the most efficient way to select the president. By using electors instead of the popular vote method it can and will protect candidates from citizens that are unaware, by allowing them to be able to make the last critical decision. States with a bigger population can have immoderate influence, and should be able to come to an agreement or closure between electing the president by popular vote and allowing Congress and citizens to select the new president of the United States.
“According to Hamilton, the Electoral College is if not perfect, it is at least excellent, because it ensured that the office of President will never fall to the lot of associate men who isn’t in an eminent degree invested with the requisite qualifications. The Founders needed to balance the desire of the people against the danger of tyranny of the bulk, in which the voices of the masses can drown out minority interests” ( Hamilton). Another reason is, because the Electoral College is very reliable when it comes to the certainty of the outcome of the presidential election.
Two things I can do to engage more into politics is take advantage of me being able to vote. Study the candidates thoroughly and decide who has my best interest. I can speak on political issues and speak about more openingly, which could draw more attention to it. ” The relationship between Americans and their president begins well before a president takes the oath in office. In presidential election years, non-stop campaigning provides ample opportunities for the public to learn about presidential candidates and their positions on issues. Campaigns also present many avenues for participation by the people, for example by volunteering in or contributing to candidates’ campaigns or even just by debating candidates’ views around the water cooler. Although these opportunities for citizen engagement are especially abundant during a presidential election year, similar chances to get involved arise well before, because potential candidates typically position themselves years in advance of Election Day to secure their party’s nomination and to win the general election”( Harrison). There are many ways in which I can get and stay involved.
ProCon.org. “The Electoral College: Top 3 Pros and Cons.” ProCon.org. 1 Sep. 2017, www.procon.org/headline.php?headlineID=005330
” The Electoral College ( Why We Use It and Why It Matters).” The National Interest, Jarrett Stepman, November 8, 2016, https://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/the-electoral-college-why-we-use-it-why-it-matters-18331.
Harrison Brigid , Jean Wahl Harris Dr, and Michelle D Deardorff, “American Democracy Now,” New York, NY 10121, McGraw- Hill Education, Print 2015.