The disaster is the occasion that happens without any expectation. The term ‘Disaster’ is freely utilized to allude to as any occurrence, artificial mishap, or normal event that may influence the operation of the venture in whatever way. ‘Disaster management can be characterized as “The organization and administration of assets and obligations for managing with all compassionate perspectives of crises, in specific readiness, reaction and recuperation in arrange to reduce the effect of disasters”. There are two sorts of disaster Human and Natural disaster. Disasters have influenced not only people but animals as well and any living thing on earth. It causes mass harm of development or misfortune of economy. It gives exceptionally awful effect on the economy of the nation. Crisis administration can be encourage characterized as the teach and calling of applying science, innovation, arranging and administration to bargain with extraordinary occasions that can harm or murder huge numbers of individuals, do broad harm to property, and disturb community life. The disaster management cycle Consists of four stages and they are mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Each stage is like a step that could help people when a disaster happens. Also, technology plays a great role in disaster management. There are some technologies or tools that can be very helpful in reducing the impact of the disasters. The GIS is one of those tools that are used in disaster management.
Disaster management is the discipline of avoiding and managing each natural and semisynthetic disasters. Disasters are Extraordinary harm, misfortune, devastation and annihilation to life and property are the comes about of disaster. The limitless harm caused by catastrophe changes with the geological area. Unfavorably disasters influenced people since the first light of our presence. In reaction, individuals and societies alike have made a few makes an endeavor to diminish their presentation to the comes about of those disasters, developing measures to handle beginning affect, still as post-disaster reaction and recovery needs. despite the approach received, all those endeavors have a comparative objective: disaster management. The propelling concepts that direct catastrophe management—the lessening of hurt to life, property, and the environment are the same all through the world. In any case, the capacity to carry out this mission is by no implies uniform. Whether due to political, social, financial, or other reasons, the disastrous reality is that a few nations and a few districts are more able than others at addressing the issue. No country in any case of its riches or impact, is progressed sufficient to be fully immune from disasters’ negative impacts. Moreover, the development of a worldwide economy makes it more and more troublesome to contain the results of any disaster inside one country’s borders.
2- The History of Disaster Management:
Hazards, and the disasters that usually result, haven’t continuously existed. To qualify as a hazard, an action, event, or object should maintain a positive probability of poignant man or presumably have a consequence that may adversely influence man’s existence. Neither the probability nor the consequence factors of hazards were calculable till humans existed on the earth, so their presence is negated. With the looks of man, however, followed the incidence of hazards and disasters. Anthropology discovery has shown that our prehistoric ancestors Janus-faced several of similar risks that exist today: starvation, inhospitable components, dangerous life, violence at the hands of different humans, disease, accidental injuries, and more. These early inhabitants didn’t, however, sit lazily by and become simple victims. Evidence indicates that they took measures to cut back, or mitigate, their risks. The mere incontrovertible fact that they selected to inhabit caves is testament to the current theory. In the past, a huge number of people died from disasters as shown in figure (1) because the disaster can happen anytime. Nobody knows when a disaster will happen or where but with the time being and using technologies disasters can be predicted.