Teacher training is designed for the manpower development of the school system and the educational enterprise as a whole

Teacher training is designed for the manpower development of the school system and the educational enterprise as a whole. If teachers are to perform their functions effectively and efficiently, it becomes imperative for them to require training in new skills and modern methodology. The higher the level of educational attainment by teachers, the higher the level of educational standard in the country. No wonder the national Policy on Education (2014) asserted that no level of education can rise above the quality of its teachers. To meet the growing needs of education in a global economy it becomes imperative to provide sound in-service education for teachers to update their skills, knowledge and experience.
It is a generally accepted phenomenon that, whether it is a matter of making educational process more meaningful or a question of improving its quality, one factor that usually stands out is the role of the teachers – the quality of their preparation and their professional development. Quality improvement in educational process depends upon proper professional development of teachers. Similarly, Thomas (1993) too believed in the same theory that teachers cannot play any of the roles effectively unless they are properly trained. He maintains that since teaching is a lifetime profession and there is a rapid explosion of knowledge, it is not sufficient to provide training to teachers once in their life span; therefore, ensuring continuous professional development of teachers has become necessary.
The quality of education depends on the ability, hard work and dedication of the teacher. If a teacher fails to keep himself in touch with the rapid scientific and educational developments then he would become inefficient and ineffective as indicated in the National Education Policy “the teacher is considered the most crucial factor in implementing all instructional reforms at the grassroots level. It is a fact that the academic qualifications, knowledge of the subject matter, competence and skills
of teaching and the commitment of the teacher have effective impact on the teaching learning process”. The report of Commission on National Education (1959, p.265) has similar statement as “we say it with force and without reservation that none of the reforms we are proposing will succeed unless we are able to recruit to the teaching profession at all levels men and woman of the highest abilities, and can train them.”Many factors are responsible for shaping the quality teaching. These include ideological and socio-economic needs, existing structure of education system, and well-defined theories and practices of teaching and learning. Teacher education program, being an integral part of the education system, has greatly expanded and will expand further for catering to the fast emerging needs of the country. Teachers are a nation?s great assets. It is the quality of teachers on which the population of a country mainly depends for excellence. Teachers? credibility depends on how they take up the rights and responsibilities, which are associated with the position. Teachers are different with respect to their attitudes and in what they expect from students.
Some teachers, from the beginning of a course, trust students to be able and motivated about course content. On the other hand some teachers have little faith in most students? intellectual ability, commitment towards the school, and honesty. Teachers also show emotional reactions to the way students behave in and out of class. According to the Association of the Teachers of