Similar to any other countries

Similar to any other countries, in addition to being public, higher education in Vietnam is also offered in semi-public or private universities permitted to operate by the government. According to 2012 government figures, the number of private higher education institutes in Vietnam takes up to 20 percent of schools with 15 percent of the students at tertiary level enrolling at these institutes. Despite that fact, private universities and colleges are often thought to be of a lower quality when being compared to education offered at public schools.
Junior colleges (tr??ng cao ??ng) and vocational training centers offer sub-degree programs. Associate’s degrees offered at junior colleges give advanced standing into degree programs or lead to employment. Shorter vocational certificate programs lead to employment only.
Most colleges are under the supervision of the relevant ministry, but an increasing number of private colleges are opening.
In the school year 2010-2011, Vietnam had 163 universities (including senior colleges and institutes) and 223 junior colleges, in which 50 senior colleges and 30 junior colleges are non-public.
Universities are either specialized or multidisciplinary. The two largest multidisciplinary universities were created in 1995 through a series of mergers. These are the Vietnam National University in Ho Chi Minh City and the Vietnam National University Hanoi. Other large regional universities created at around the same time include Hue University, Thai Nguyen University and Da Nang University.
Universities offer bachelor, professional, master and doctoral degrees. They are overseen by MOET, which also officially approves and signs conferred degrees.