Review of Related Literature Paragis or is a kind of grass that usually grows on vacant lots and roadsides

Review of Related Literature
Paragis or is a kind of grass that usually grows on vacant lots and roadsides. The leaves are like common grass that is long and tapered. Spikelet grows on top of it, as the flower that gives the seeds of the plant.

Goosegrass (also called wire grass or yard grass) is an obnoxious weed with scientific name Eleusine indica (Linn.) Gaertner. In the Philippines, it is commonly known as paragis, apidan, bikad-bikad, bakis-bakisan, bugtusan, barangan, gagabutan, dinapulak, kabit-kabit, palagtiki, parangis-sabungan, sambali, and sabung-sabungan (this is due to the many dialects). This plant, classified as a grass, is a trending topic after a person posted on social media that after drinking the goosegrass “tea”, her ailment miraculously was cured. There are many herbal medicines or supplements that are readily available and are being commercially distributed. There’s mangosteen, turmeric, gingko biloba, ginger, lagundi, guava, grapes, and the list goes on. There’s so many to choose from to use as a supplement for our diet or help in curing us of the common cold. People are decidedly health conscious and in that respect, are finding out more ways to live longer and healthier lives. With health and lifestyle being a usual trend, more unusual herbal remedies are coming out. It’s either someone out there is trying to market a certain product to an unsuspecting public or cause a genuine awareness. This is the case of this unusual trend of using goosegrass as a herbal remedy. Because of its recent popularity, dubbing it as “God’s gift to man”, research and studies are currently being done to learn more about the supposed health benefits from this plant.

According to Philippine Medicinal Plants, Paragis is an annual, erect, tufted, adventitious, glabrous grass, 10 centimeters to 1 meter in height. Leaves are 10 to 30 centimeters long, sometimes involute when dry, 3 to 7 millimeters wide, distichous, rather flaccid, with flattened sheaths. Spikes are 3 to 6, all in a terminal whorl, or one or two lower down, 2.5 to 10 centimeters long, 3 to 5 millimeters thick. Spikelet are very numerous, crowded, 3- to 5-flowered, 3 to 4 millimeters long, the first glume 1-nerved and small, the second, 3-nerved, and the third and succeeding ones ovate, acute.
Grass is considered as herbage which is suitable or used for grazing animals but never had been used as a treatment for any kind of disease. Recently, a grass called Paragis, went viral because of its endless health benefits. We are blessed to have this in the Philippines and it can also be seen in tropical countries. Many people testified and prove the wonder of this grass in treating numerous diseases. (KBL, 2017)
Paragis is humble weed that has recently gained popularity due to its medicinal properties and availability. You’ll be glad to know that a lot of studies have shown it’s anti-inflammatory, antiplasmodial, antidiabetic, phytoremediative, pancreatic lipase inhibitory, antioxidant, antileishmanial, antioxidant, cytotoxic properties. It is considered diuretic, antihelminthic, diaphoretic, and febrifuge. (Healthy Shades of Green-2017).Goosegrass (also called wire grass or yard grass) is an obnoxious weed with scientific name Eleusine indica (Linn.) Gaertner. In the Philippines, it is commonly known as paragis, apidan, bikad-bikad, bakis-bakisan, bugtusan, barangan, gagabutan, dinapulak, kabit-kabit, palagtiki, parangis-sabungan, sambali, and sabung-sabungan (this is due to the many dialects). This plant, classified as a grass, is a trending topic after a person posted on social media that after drinking the goosegrass “tea”, her ailment miraculously was cured.

Paragis or is a sort of grass that more often than not develops on empty parts and roadsides.The leaves resemble normal grass that are long and decreased. Paragis develop over it, as the blossom that gives the seeds of the plant. The entire parts of the Paragis can be made out of specific sorts of chemicals and substances that might be of advantage to your health: The leaves of the Paragis contain silicon monoxide, calcium oxide, and chlorine. The Paragis plant likewise contains protein.(Linda McWlliams)
According to Beyond Deadline 2018, Paragis used to be almost everywhere but not since its medical potential and benefits to those who suffer from minor to severe illnesses were discovered. Paragis is known by many names which include goose grass, wild grass, carabao grass and dog’s tail. Paragis generally is a tropical plant and can usually be found in river banks and along the roads. It is actually a weed and was reportedly first used as an alternative medicine in Africa.

Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the It is an important weed of cultivated crops, lawns, and golf courses. It thrives in disturbed areas with compacted soils in full sun. Both tillage and herbicides are used in its control. This low-growing grass is capable of setting seed even when closely mown. Some populations have evolved resistance to certain herbicides, including glyphosate, warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. ( Cedrick Brown 2017)