Religion in Canada

Religion in Canada (2011 National Household Survey)1

Roman Catholicism (39.0%)
Other Christian2 (28.3%)
Non-religious (23.9%)
Islam (3.2%)
Hinduism (1.5%)
Sikhism (1.4%)
Buddhism (1.1%)
Judaism (1.0%)
Other religions (0.6%)
Religion in Canada encompasses a wide range of groups and beliefs.3

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Christianity is the largest religion in Canada, with Roman Catholics having the most adherents. Christians, representing 67.3% of the population in 2011, are followed by people having no religion with 23.9%1 of the total population. Other faiths include Muslims (3.2%), Hindus (1.5%), Sikhs (1.4%), Buddhists (1.1%), and Jews (1.0%).4 Rates of religious adherence are steadily decreasing.56 The preamble to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms refers to God. The monarch carries the title of “Defender of the Faith”. However, Canada has no official religion, and support for religious pluralism and freedom of religion is an important part of Canada’s political culture.78

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