Literature Review Crime is an unauthorized act punishable by a state /authority. Based on an abstract from studymoose there are several features that subsidize to corruption in a society. Leaving school and cannot find a job so individuals turn to crime to sustain themselves, like to rob and sale drugs to make a living. Poverty is known to be dominant among Jamaican families especially for single parent families. Which according to sociologist are the main contributors to disjunction in civilization. The lack of education with dominant dropout of both male and female alike. For males, drugs and gang violence and females, teenage pregnancy the common contribution, with little are no financial background and seek assistance and get pregnant in three to four times in the process just to provide for their family.
Abuse will often come into play especially for children that have a violent household, a drug addictive surrounding, face sexual harassments or forced to prostitution to provide for their family. With a low self- esteem of that child he/she will find themselves in situation that is not accepted by the society which they will plunge in the hands of the authority which often periods make situation worst. For the lack of proper justice system that is put in place for troubled individuals. The authorizes does not take the time to grasp the problems of citizens instead thy throw individuals into correctional institutions for months even years while others walk freely which seems unfair to the affected citizens are even unfair to the general public. Which will cause crime to growth and no awareness of resolving problems without stirring up another. In other cases politics, racism television violence and music are also great influence to individuals. Based on the social learning theory (Bandura 1977), which explains behavior in terms of observational knowledge and social reinforcements, situations that environmental impacts and strengthening shape the way you behave regardless of an individual personal traits. Sociologist E. Durkheim believes that crime is normal part of a civilization and it is essential and indispensable. He accept as true that society needs violence to function normally.
Crime affects the development of several communities, on Friday 19, 2018 the Gleaner made mention that the cost of crime is in direct which cause the value of production to lessen because of criminals and the need for higher security measures increasing. This cause society development to remain the same or decrease rapidly, for poverty is increased which is caused by lack of employment. Individuals are not employed because they come from “low – trust society.” They are also brand as criminals or of criminal intentions because of where they come from. These societies are not often recognize by the state so little are no investment is made. This cause the community to worsen.
This impact on residents negatively in many ways for there is a high rate of brain drain and unemployment, which cause the environment to remain the same. Depression or even drug abuse are just a few results after the impact. E. Durkheim believed that this is aspect called development is up to the residents of the given society to use the norms and values to develop the community. It is said to be an aspect that should cause an individual to use the negative to grow strong and seek different ways to develop social consensus.
There are several ways in which crime can be reduce, this is not and individual take but more a community objective. Authorizes believe that if residents of a given community speak up about violence other than covering it up, crime can be resolve quicker than they know it , because the perpetrators will desist from doing the act. Being more involve in the neighborhood and keep up to date with what is happening in the surrounding and getting involved in community watch programs, will help to lower the rate of crime in the area. Community meetings and nighty group patrols will help to highlights the issues of the community. Organizing activities in the area to reduce idle individuals activities is said to keep individuals occupied and help to develop community togetherness and unity.