Learning – helps a child to understand what is being seen or provide a way that afterwards the child can communicate what they have seen. A child can ask questions and we can then pass on information verbally that helps them make connections and understand concepts eg: a child may see leaves falling from a tree in the park and the teacher may say it is Autumn. The child then may again see other leaves falling and might remember a previous conversation and make the connection between what they saw in the park. Autumn may still be in the child’s head and she may say “Look at those leaves falling too it must be Autumn”. This means they can also talk and think about Autumn.
Emotional – controlling emotions is a large part of emotional development and if children become frustrated, angry or jealous and can’t communicate their feelings they may have a tantrum. But as their skills and language develop they can name their emotions and find other ways of expressing them and talk about how they are feeling.
Behaviour – Being able to control your behaviour is about self-control. Children find it hard to control behaviour, however once they master language, children’s behaviour changes. Language helps children think things through and the focus more on the consequences of their actions and remind themselves of what they need to do or what they shouldn’t do.
Social – children can start to recognise how others feel by watching their body language and listening to what they say and learn to adjust their behaviour accordingly. Children also start to understand social codes and how to behave appropriately.