King Alexander of Macedonia or more commonly known as Alexander the Great

King Alexander of Macedonia or more commonly known as Alexander the Great, was one of the most influential conquerors in all of history. Alexander the Great carried a legacy throughout the Ancient world by spreading greek culture, conquering a series of lands and empires, and initiating the rise of the hellenistic era. His military successions and overall idealism and power created an everlasting legacy.
During the time of his power, Alexander won many wars and battles, defeating many Kings and conquering many empires. He first marched with his troops toward Mesapotamia, defeating the persians. He then captured Babylon and eventually the rest of the Persian cities. After the conquest of the Persian cities, Thebes a small greek city-state was taken down quickly and effectively. This set out a warning to all of the other greek city-states that Alexander and his army were unstoppable. His tactic used to scare away other greek city-states was successful, causing most of them to remain neutral. Alexander’s most impressive victory was when he defeated the Persian emperor Darius III in the battle of Issus. Although Alexander and his army were outnumbered, he used his best military tactics to win the battle. This cause Darius III to flee, leaving the persian empire to Alexander. Alexander later continued his quest towards northern India, defeating King Porus. Throughout all of these battles, fought and won by Alexander, it is evident that his battlefield strategies are what led him to his victories. Alexander the Great conquered two-thirds of the world in only twelve years, which is an astonishing statistic. Under Alexander’s control, the macedonian army helped to reign over almost all of the regions of the ancient world. Alexander’s military power is just one of the many factors that made him a “great.”
Alexander the Great was responsible for the blending of cultures and the rise of the Hellenistic age. The Hellenistic Age was a time in history where the spreading of greek culture was natural and pure. This time period began the spread and fusion of Persian, Egyptian, Babylonian, and Indian cultures. A common language was created between all of the people who were apart of the Alexandrian empire. This language was known as Koine and was spoken and read by all persons in the empire. Koine was also known as “the common tongue” because everyone in contact with the Hellenistic world knew it. Trade and travel were increased during the Hellenistic period because it was a time of peace. The hellenistic period was a time of prosperity and growth. Many ideas were exchanged in architecture; styles were refined and built on a larger scale. Buildings and monuments were more pronounced than before. Statues were built of greek gods and were realistic. Poetry, art and sciences were improving and taking a new stance. Alexander built customs and took persian culture very seriously by wearing persian clothes and marrying persian women. Alexander was well respected for the fusion of these cultures because it was done so in a non-forceful way. He didn’t feel the need to make everyone the same but he built on the foundation of greek culture. All religions were tolerated and people were coming together. In conclusion, Alexander’s spread of ideas and culture had a big impact on his legacy.
From Macedonia to India, Alexander founded many cities naming most of them after himself, “Alexandria.” Most of the cities were founded on trade routes which helped the exchange of goods from the east to the west. Some city-states that had been founded were not of greek territory, but he transformed them to be.

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