In many societies, men are regarded as superior while women are regarded as inferior and this makes men to dominate in many field compared to women. Creation of gender, peace and security programs help in developing effective and efficient strategies for gender hence men’s and women’s experiences in building secure and stable societies.
Promotion of peace and security require equal participation of men and women in the decision-making process at national, regional and international level. Participation of women’s organizations and gender equality advocates in peace building initiative. Buzan (1991) argues that security plays a mediating role between the extremes of absolute power and peace. The logic of security implies high levels of interdependence; security can play an instrumental role in the enhancement of values other than military ones. In most countries, there are implementation of international framework to provide peace by both men and women which provide security to people by eliminating threats. Equal participation of men and women in peace building process recognize the importance roles which is portrayed by men and women in the societies at large.
Men and women are exposed to different threats which has a negative effects on the development since people live in fear and danger. When men and women are equally participate in promoting and maintaining of peace and security, threats will be reduced in the societies hence people will be living in peace, freedom, free from dangers and participate fully in the process of governance hence promoting development. Women should equally participate in dealing with conflict resolutions, peace building and peace keeping to promote security. Peace keeping missions helps to provide security to people whereby their rights are protected. Women and girls are protected from sexual violence due to the provision of security in the society.
Men and women participate in the early warning programs which helps to protect people from dangers and threats. Early warning can best be defined as ‘any information from any source which may determine a threat in advance and inform people to move away from that disaster prone areas such as earth quakes, volcanoes, floods and famine. Early warning programs acts as a tool in conflict prevention hence it brings security to people. Events which are predicted on early warning programs includes; food crises, imminent refugee flows, or outward signs of violent conflict such as cross-border trade disruption, sudden public displays of military-style weapons and increased crime rates or human rights violations.
Men and women plays an important role in providing security to the society. Those who are combatants and work in a recognized military institution, they promote internal and external security by ensuring that people are protected from threats. This helps to boost the economy of the country since foreign investors invest in a country where there is peace and stability.
The relationship between gender and environmental security is that both men and women participate in promoting, protecting and conserving the environment through sustainable developments. Protecting the environment helps to protect people from threats such as global warming, soil erosion, deforestation, water scarcity, soil degradation, and exposure to agricultural and industrial chemicals and organic pollutants affect women and men in varying ways. Shortage of rainfall which reduce the harvesting. On the other hand, men and women brings negative effects on the environment by cutting down trees carelessly hence it reds to environmental degradation. Gender relations influence how communities, households, and institutions are organized, how decisions are made, and how resources are used. To understand how gender shapes activities that affect the environment, it is necessary to examine women’s and men’s roles and responsibilities, access to and control over resources, knowledge of resources, and authority to make decisions about the use of resource.