In 1978

In 1978, a law regulating the profession of pharmacy in Saudi Arabia was passed. The law demanded professionalization of pharmacy performance and precluded the practice of pharmacy by persons other than licensed pharmacists. (A.Al-Mohamadia, 2013)Furthermore a pharmacist is required to dispense drugs on prescription only, except those defined as OTC (Bawazir, 1992). This is of main concern; as an earlier study conducted by Al-Freihi et al. (1987), found that 85.4% of pharmacies dispensed antibiotics (a class known to be a prescription-only drug) promptly. Unfortunately, a study directed by S.Bawazeir in Riyadh in 1992 stated that more than 35% of drugs dispensed over-the-counter were prescription drugs (Bawazir, 1992). These findings draw high attention to the possible misuse of non-OTC drugs by the community, especially when no serious actions have been taken within the 5 years that separated these two studies.
Furthermore, a study conducted by Al Ghamdi, in 2001 sumrised that despite the lack of pharmacist’s adherence to the pharmaceutical law, which represented (98.9%), it did not indicate that they had abused their patients (Al-Ghamdi, 2001). Sadly this can only lead to further negligence of the law. Cited in study by (Mohammed S.Alsultan, 2012) Hospital pharmacies in the Riyadh region are fairly well developed in providing dispensing and administration services. Further improvement can be achieved by increasing the use of new technologies such as bar-code technology, unit dose drug distribution systems, pharmacy-based IV admixture services, smart infusion pumps, and automated medication distribution.
According to new pharmacy model for vision 2030 in Saudi Arabia all community pharmacies expand and divided into general and specialized community pharmacies for dispensing medications and provide pharmaceutical care. Some of the inpatient pharmacies prescriptions at all MOH hospital, one-day surgery, and ambulatory care clinics should switch to distribute through community pharmacies in gradual basis from 1-3 years and connected with pharmacy computer system with an electronic patient medical record. (Yousef Ahmed Alomi, 2017)

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