Import and export are considered as the most important motives of international trade. The owners of the export and import companies are considered as distributors of commercial goods that exported and imported in accordance with the local and international trade regulations and laws of the specified state and recognized in the world trade organization.
There is no country that produces all the goods. Therefore, the export and import process are an active as the strongest motivators of international trade and has a prominent role in the transfer of technology and cultures from the countries of export to import.
Current paper sheds its light on the EU and its import and export regulations. The European Union is a unified market, which includes full freedom of movement of money, services and population among all EU countries. The European Union includes several countries including France, Belgium, Italy, Austria, Germany, Greece, oranges, as well as Scandinavia and other countries. Recent imports of goods to EU countries have increased from countries such as Pakistan, India, Taiwan, and Thailand and etc. (Ali,2014).
Despite the mutual transactions of international trade between countries, exporters of goods to EU countries face several obstacles, such as the diversity of EU countries, the level of competition existing in EU countries, the harmonization of laws and regulations in the EU countries, and customs restrictions.
The purpose of this report is to define what is to be exported and exported in countries under international trade in general and the European Union in particular. In addition to enlightening the export companies in the developing countries in particular familiarity and full knowledge of the regulations and regulations of export and import in the countries of the European Union so as not to put the same partners in the losses of companies(Ali,2014).
EU Import Regulations
EU countries use the unified tariff for EU countries in all products made outside EU countries. The rate of the tariff varies according to the type of delivery and its difference from the other. It also depends on the product and ways of protecting economic interests and operates under the umbrella of the World Trade Organization(Policy Planning & Strategy Department ,2003).
The classification of goods is one of the most important aspects. If the product is classified, it is easy to collect the value of goods and to evaluate the required certificate.
Are taxes imposed on products such as cold drinks, beer, alcohol, sugar, liquefaction and petroleum products.
Value added taxes:
Value added taxes for all products sold in the EU. Tariffs are low for cheap necessities and high in high prices.
International trade is liberal EU countries .There are some exceptions to the products imported from other countries and that considered as illegal products. Imports are products of countries where the cost of production is low.
The restrictions of quotas refers to the quantity of imports and they assist to regulate the supply of certain goods in EU.
Some products are subject to special regulations regarding the manner in which they must be marked or labeled at the time of sale to indicate composition, content or country in EU. The products, that have to match with marking and labeling regulations, are mainly detergents, household chemicals, wine, textiles, and apparel-washing instructions(Policy Planning & Strategy Department ,2003).
The CE Mark has been known in order to show whether the product match to the standards of EU’s. CE Marking provides exporters the benefit that their product will obtain acceptance to the EU.
Exporting to EU:
Exporters face marketing and regulatory difficulties in exporting products to EU markets if they are not fully prepared and equipped because the markets of the EU are different, competitive and dynamic. Therefore, exporters of EU countries should evaluate and study different target markets, distribution channels, knowledge of labor regulations, and work of strategic plans on EU exporters, invest money and time in marketing research, establish business contracts, and select target markets based on market assessment (Policy Planning ; Strategy Department ,2003).
The main motive in the export of goods and commercial products is to compete with international companies and enter the global market. Export and import managers use modern means to enter international markets.
One of the factors of success globally is the choice of the distribution market; it gives the competitive advantage of goods and commodities and assist in identifying opportunities of marketing (Seyoum, 2008:95).
Organic Food Product Exports into the European Union:
According to the European Union the Regulation (EEC) No. 2092/91that focus on organic production of agricultural products, where the regulation noted that organic agricultural products are mandatory for exporters to EU countries, and that production and processing methods are very different in other countries outside the European Union. Organic farmers in non-EU countries also lack knowledge of organic standards (Neuendorff and Steinhauser 2006).
The importer of the EU must approve the conformity of the laws of production of countries other than the European Union with those of the Council on Organic Agriculture. In addition, the importer of the EU countries must approve the inspection and inspection reports required by the regulations of the EU Council on Organic Agriculture(Neuendorff and Steinhauser 2006).
EU import conditions for fresh meat and meat products:
EU countries import large amounts of meat and meat products, and the regulation that set forth according to import of fresh meat products to comply with European Union (EU) regulations (https://ec.europa.eu).
General Import Rules for EU Meat and Meat Products:
The general regulations for the importation of meat and meat products to EU countries are subject to veterinary approval and veterinary certification from the competent authorities of the Ministry of Health from non-EU countries accredited by the General Directorate of Health and Food Safety. Of the basic requirements of exporting countries, their products of meat and meat products provide veterinary certificate from the competent authorities (https://ec.europa.eu).
Border Inspection for EU import of Meat and Meat Products:
Meat and meat products imported to EU countries are subject to the competent administration at the entry limits of those products, where all inspection and inspection procedures for imported meat products are carried out in the EU(https://ec.europa.eu).
This paper highlighted the concepts of export and import in the EU countries on the one hand and their conformity with EU regulation and World Trade Organization (WTO) law on the other hand. Moreover, the paper pointed out the need of EU countries to import products from countries outside EU where the cost of production is reduced and that the products conform to import and quality laws. Products are also subject to authority of inspection at border of entry. Imported products include those from developing countries such as food products, fresh meats and meat products.