Imagine a world where sea turtles are extinct; did you know that was preventable? The hawksbill sea turtle population is drastically low and if action is not taken they will soon become extinct. Several factors come into play in the extinction of this species; the most evident one is their breeding behavior. Due to the natural breeding behavior of the hawksbill sea turtle and their inability to sustain a viable population, they are going extinct; however, if they were introduced into breeding programs their extinction would be prevented.
The eretmochelys imbricata is also known as the Hawksbill Sea Turtle. Hawksbill sea turtles are omnivores, they eat mollusks, marine algae, crustaceans, sea urchins, fish, and jellyfish. Mating occurs every two to three years, it usually happens between 20 – 40 years of age. Atlantic Hawksbill turtle’s mating season starts in April and continues till November. Indian Ocean hawksbills mating season starts in September and continues till February. It normally takes place in shallow waters close to the shore. They lay around 140 eggs at a time. Their life span is 30 – 50 years. They live in the Intertidal Zone, Coral Reef, and Oceanic pelagic zone biomes. Being cold blooded, metabolic rate in these turtles is slow which enables them to stay underwater for long, they have thick shells that protect them from other creatures, and their broad flat limbs are well adapted for swimming in open oceans help them adapt to where they live. Humans have the most impact to the hawksbill sea turtle’s life. “Fishing gear captures thousands of sea turtles a year. In 2010, a study conducted by Duke University reported data on marine turtle bycatch for the past 18 years. It showed approximately 85,000 turtles were reported captured. However, the study only took data from 1% of the total fishing fleets in the ocean” “Threats to Sea Turtles” Threats to Sea Turtles | Sea Turtle, Inc. The WWF are using satellite telemetry to track sea turtles as they swim from place to place.I think we could create a barrier around the path the sea turtles go so they can’t get eaten, we could also provide them with food and a safe habitat.
In conclusion, we need to find a way to save these turtles or they won’t be here. We should try to start this breeding program so they are safe. We might not have enough knowledge on hawksbill sea turtles but we could do some more research to create new ways to keep them from becoming extinct.