“If the egotist is weak

“If the egotist is weak, his egotism is worthless. If the egoist is strong, acute, full of distinctive character, his egoism is precious, and remains a possession of the race.” (Smith, 2012). It has been said that for the longest time in history that when one is egotistic, he or she is too self-absorbed, too narcissistic, and too invested in themselves. However, the positive aspect and idea of ego is often refuted and overthrown by inconsistent moral judgement. Knowing and understanding more about how the ego works will help us better understand how individuals cope and function in the society because “Having an ego” simply means understanding the worldview through which you act. (Edmonds, 2017) Knowing yourself can surely help with some of the confusion and conflict in life. If we can understand how we react to life with our instinctual strengths and our weaknesses, we can gain more control over our actions and make better choices. (Trettenero, 2017) However, we speak of ego in a strong and self-aware sense, wherein it is acute, has distinctive character, is matured, embodied, and nurtured for the betterment of the individual eudaimonically. This type of ego is the premise of this (sentence definition?) and in here is discussed the different positive effects of this to one’s wellbeing and how it is beneficial in many psychological and social levels.
It has been imparted in recent researches that knowing one’s ego identity is and acknowledging its role in an individual’s development will improve one’s overall quality of life and will endorse an individual’s process of self-exploration, self-development, and self-realization. When one embraces his or herself and acknowledges his or her capabilities, they are allowing themselves to live up to what they know they can do without fear of external detrimentation, and not merely being egotistic, self-centered, or prideful, as what social prejudice often dictates. ‘I must first know myself, as the Delphian inscription says; to be curious about that which is not my concern, while I am still ignorant of my own self would be ridiculous.’ In the words of Plato, “the essence of knowledge is self-knowledge.” For all the curiosity every individual exhibits, and for all the mystery society sees in the world, it has always disregarded the mystery living within them. Through knowing one’s ego identity, we see how an individual lives, grows, and works in the world. Thus, to look at ego as a fundamental dimension in being able to function decently in society will be the foundation of understanding a human being’s psychological personality that in turn will take effect and build their character that will assist them to become efficient in social situations and aesthetic experiences that will nurture and further mature the individual.
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It is stated in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, that human beings, from lowest to highest, need physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness and love needs, ego self-esteem needs, and on the top, self-actualization needs. In the penultimate level, ego self-esteem needs speak of self-worth, self-esteem, wherein an individual must value the opinions of others to be able to believe in themselves. (Maslow, 1943) stated that one must satisfy lower level needs in order to be able to ascend and progress to a higher level which in this case, above ego self-esteem needs, is self-actualization which is to achieve ultimate eudaimonic wellbeing. According to, (Shive, 2015) self-realization is to be able to discover and grow on a spiritual aspect, due to the premise that it is the individual him/herself that is the key to one’s own soul evolution. Thus, knowing one’s ego identity contributes to the growth of an individual due to the independence and trust it incorporates into an individual in order to achieve the ultimate version of the person, which only then will achieve self-actualization and overall eudaimonic wellbeing.
Fredrickson (1998), developed a theory called broaden-and-build theory which states that positive emotions elicit positive outcomes while negative emotions merely narrow an individual’s perspective on certain thoughts and actions. Thus, the positive emotions induced positive activities, help overcome present hardships and encourage growth and resiliency by providing new experiences to learn from. It is important to mention how it is through acknowledging one’s ego identity that one can act upon positive emotions. The broaden-and-build theory suggests that growth is a self-feeding act wherein one learns from past activities produced by the acknowledgement of ego identity to become more competent in future hardships and resiliency-testing difficulties. This in turn improves an individual’s adaptivity in situations. According to the Blocks theorizing, ego-resiliency is the ability to adapt one’s level of control temporarily up or down as circumstances dictate (Block, 2002; Block & Block, 1980).
Ego serves an aid to prove one’s worth due to the fact that the positive emotions it inflicts widens an individual’s thoughts an actions that in turn lay a better foundation into one having a stronger sense of self worth. Emmons (1999) mentions ten thematic categories of individual strivings, which include: achievement; affiliation; intimacy; power; personal growth; and health. Achievement, affiliation, and power are human strivings that are achieved when one harnesses ego in an appropriate manner. When an individual inflicts positivity among themselves, there is a psychological tendency for them to better believe in themselves, which in turn is manifested in their daily activities, productivity, and in their upbringing. Ego is an innate attribute among individuals that define our competitive characteristic as human beings which serve as an advantage in a more professional scale. Acknowledging how it works and affects an individual’s personality amplifies one’s understanding and belief in themselves.
In 2014, researchers Lê Xuân and Hy Jane Loevinger provided the psychological underpinnings of ego’s role in emotional and cognitive maturation; they state that ego helps us move through four stages: (1) Self-centeredness and knowing what one thinks is important, (2) Group-centerdness and knowing how to fit in what the group thinks is important, (3) Independence, stating that the individual is the leader of their own destiny, and (4) Group affiliation, which states how an individual, amidst constant change, can become their ultimate version, all the while showing the character they want to portray for themselves that inspires others. Ego, according to Lê Xuân and Hy Jane Loevinger (2014), reveals ego as a process. The different stages all contribute to the human pursuit of self-actualization all by which assesses the different aspects of the individual’s personality. This provides the framework in which the personality is built. These stages especially highlight improving one’s confidence due to its essentiality in going through each stage. Each stage is a stage of self-assessment and in it, self-confidence is manifested by the individual having conviction in the act they are doing all the while relying on their ego. The role of ego in emotional and cognitive maturation, as stated in the processes, reveal the development of an individual’s self-esteem, allowing one to assess better their interpersonal and intrapersonal relations and ameliorate fragile and feeble self-regard.

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