Huang, Keyes, and Li determines whether drug overdose-related deaths, particularly those related to prescription opioid and heroin, are affected by variances over time that are either specific to an age group or birth cohort, or common in all age groups (2018, p. 131). The researchers use the data from the multiple-cause-of-death mortality files of the National Vital Statistics System and statistically analyzes the data (Huang, Keyes and Li, 2018, p. 132). The results show that people born between 1947 and 1964 experience higher mortality rates from both prescription opioid and heroin overdose and in addition, people born between 1979 and 1992 experience an increased risk for heroin overdose death as compared to the reference cohort (individuals born in 1977-1978) (Huang, Keyes and Li, 2018, p. 135). Huang, Keyes, and Li points out the importance of intervention programs in these specific demographic groups in order to decrease drug overdose mortality rate (2018, p. 135).
The article shows the statistics of deaths in the United States related to drug overdose and the trends relevant to it which highlights which demographic groups are important to pay attention to and therefore provides context which could help to solve both prescription opioid and heroin epidemics. The study also gives emphasis to the need for intervention programs which could serve as support for progress in the need for change. The article also addresses its deficiencies and limitations in its study and research which helps to spot areas which need work.