For this task

For this task, you will be implementing your knowledge of heat transfer to to a real-world STEM problem building an energy efficient pizza box oven from everyday items, as instructed by your teacher. Together with your group, you will be using the Scientific Method and the Design Method to test your ovens ability to transfer heat, TASK CONDITIONS Genre SCIENCE REPORT The investigation is to be planned and conducted in groups. Data recording and all written work must be completed individually. Word limits Introduction 300 Analysis, evaluation, recommendation and conclusion combined – 600 Class time permitted is 7 lessons of 70 minutes. Steps to Complete Task 1. Group selection/allocation 2. Completion of Introduction (carried out individually) 3. Completion of Research Proposal (carried out with your group) 4. Design and construction of pizza box oven (carried out with your group) 5. Completion of final experimental testing, and comparison of results (group/individual) 6. Writing the discussion and conclusion (individual) A paper copy of the full report must be submitted to the teacher by 3pm on the due date An electronic copy of the report Introduction Discussion must be submitted electronically to Safe Assign SCIENCEYEAR 9UNIT 3 4 Heat on the move SEMESTER 1, 2018MAIN CCEs ADDRESSEDUsing appropriate vocabulary Explaining to othersEvaluating Creating JustifyingINSTRUMENT 7. Assignment STUDENT EXPERIMENTAUTHENTICITY STATEMENT This statement verifies that all work submitted, including drafts and notes, is my own original work unless otherwise correctly referenced. I understand that submitting plagiarised work is a breach of the Colleges assessment policy and will incur serious consequences. SignedDue Date Final lesson in WEEK 7 TERM 2ASSESSABLE CRITERIA Refer to Criteria Sheet for further detailsGRADESUnderstandingABCDEPlanning Conducting A B C D E Communicating A B C D E SkillsABCDEYear 9 Science standard elaborations ABCDEThe folio of student work has the following characteristicsScience understandingPhysical sciencesthorough description of models of energy transfer which can be applied to provide justified explanation of phenomenainformed description of models of energy transfer which can be applied to provide informed explanation of phenomenadescription of models of energy transfer which can be applied to provide explanation of phenomenadescription of models of energy transfer which can be applied to provide description of phenomenastatements about energy transferScience inquiry skills Questioning and predictingdesign of questions and justified hypotheses that can be investigated using a range of inquiry skillsdesign of questions and informed hypotheses that can be investigated using a range of inquiry skillsdesign of questions that can be investigated using a range of inquiry skillsguided design of questions that can be investigated directed design of questions that can be investigatedPlanning and conductingdesign and refinement of methods that include the control, and accurate measurement of variables to ensure the systematic collection and recording of reliable data description of how to manage safety and ethical considerationsdesign of methods that include the control and accurate measurement of variables to ensure the systematic collection and recording of data description of the implications of ethical and safety and considerations design of methods that include the control and accurate measurement of variables systematic collection of data description of ethical and safety considerations partial design of methods that include the control variables the collection of data identification of ethical and safety and considerationsuse of provided methods identification of safety considerationsProcessing and analysing data and informationanalysis of trends in data to identify and explain relationships between variables to draw justified conclusions identify and explain inconsistencies in resultsanalysis of trends in data to identify and describe relationships between variables to draw conclusions consistent with evidence identify and describe inconsistencies in resultsanalysis of trends in data to identify relationships between variables reveal inconsistencies in resultsstatements about trends and inconsistencies in datastatements about dataScience inquiry skills Evaluatinganalysis of own methods and the quality of own data to inform justified explanation of effective actions to improve the quality of their evidence critical evaluation of others methods and explanations from a scientific perspectiveanalysis of own methods and the quality of own data to inform explanation of effective actions to improve the quality of their evidence informed evaluation of others methods and explanations from a scientific perspectiveanalysis of own methods and the quality of own data explanation of specific actions to improve the quality of own evidence evaluation of others methods and explanations from a scientific perspectivedescriptions of own methods and data others methods and explanationsstatements about methods, data and explanationsCommunicatingconcise and coherent use of appropriate language and accurate representations when communicating findings and ideas to specific audiencescoherent use of appropriate language and accurate representations when communicating findings and ideas to specific audiencesuse of appropriate language and representations when communicating findings and ideas to specific audiencesuse of everyday language and representations when communicating findings and ideas to audiencesfragmented use of language and representations when communicating findings and ideas to audiences REVISED DRAFT Comments____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ PART 1 INTRODUCTION Guiding Questions answered in class and at home. Read the research questions below. Answer these questions in point form in your exercise books. You will then use this information to write an introduction for your report. Define conduction, convection, radiation, transmission, reflection, absorption of light, thermal insulation, thermal conduction, Snells law of reflection, frequency and wavelength. Using your understanding of heat transfer, compare the conduction of heat in a metal to the conduction of heat in a fluid. Describe how energy from the sun travels to Earth. Explain how sunlight is transformed into heat energy on Earth. INTRODUCTION (Complete this after your answers from above have been approved) 1. Definitions Conduction is the movement within a substance when it is heated, causing its individual atoms to vibrate more rapidly, colliding into neighbouring atoms. In this way, the increased speed of vibration and heat is directly transmitted through substances from atom to atom. Do I need to include process predominately occurs in solids, however can still occur in fluids. HYPERLINK https//www.youtube.com/watchvtpkyuqial8o https//www.youtube.com/watchvtpkyuqial8o Convection is the movement within a fluid when it is heated, which causes particles to speed up, expand and become less dense, pushing the colder, denser particles to sink and draw closer to the heat source. This process will consequently result in the transfer of heat. The movement within a fluid when it is heated, causing particles to speed up, expand and become less dense. This pushes the colder, denser particles to sink and draw closer to the heat source, which will consequently result in the transfer of heat. HYPERLINK https//www.youtube.com/watchvIfeRaOb_E-s https//www.youtube.com/watchvIfeRaOb_E-s Radiation Pure heat energy transmitted in waves or a stream of particles that does not need a medium to transfer heat and can occur anywhere in a vacuum. HYPERLINK https//www.wiley.com/legacy/Australia/PageProofs/SQ9_VIC_AC_c09_web.pdf https//www.wiley.com/legacy/Australia/PageProofs/SQ9_VIC_AC_c09_web.pdf TransmissionIf the object is transparent, then the vibrations of the electrons in the light are passed on to neighbouring atoms through the material until it reaches the other side of the object. Reflection The change in direction of a wave at an interface between two dissimilar media so that the wave front returns into medium from which it originated. HYPERLINK https//www.uio.no/studier/emner/matnat/ifi/INF-GEO4310/h09/undervisningsmateriale/imaging-kap2.pdf https//www.uio.no/studier/emner/matnat/ifi/INF-GEO4310/h09/undervisningsmateriale/imaging-kap2.pdf Absorption of light If a light wave of a given frequency strikes a material with electrons having the same vibrational frequencies, than those electrons will absorb the energy of the light wave and transform it into vibrational motion. During its vibration, the electrons interact with neighbouring atoms in such a manner as to convert into energy into thermal energy. HYPERLINK http//gbhsweb.glenbrook225.org/gbs/science/phys/Class/light/u12l2c.html http//gbhsweb.glenbrook225.org/gbs/science/phys/Class/light/u12l2c.html Thermal insulation Insulation is a barrier that minimises the transfer of heat energy from one material to another by reducing the conduction, convection and/or radiation effects. Must I include the below Less dense materials are better insulators because they are furtherer apart, decreasing the effectiveness of heat transfer. ttps//www.school-for-champions.com/science/thermal_insulation.htm HYPERLINK http//www.physicsclassroom.com/class/estatics/Lesson-1/Conductors-and-Insulators http//www.physicsclassroom.com/class/estatics/Lesson-1/Conductors-and-Insulators Thermal conduction Thermal conductivity is attributed to the exchange of energy between adjacent molecules and electrons in the conducting medium. Denser materials the better the conductor because the closer the atoms are together, the increase in the effectiveness of heat transfer. HYPERLINK https//www.britannica.com/science/thermal-conduction https//www.britannica.com/science/thermal-conduction HYPERLINK https//outlook.office.com/owa/realmeq.edu.aupath/attachmentlightbox https//outlook.office.com/owa/realmeq.edu.aupath/attachmentlightbox CHANGE INTO PPT 2. Atoms of metal consist of a nucleus with numerous electrons surrounding it that do not seem to have an attraction to the nucleus, moving at an extremely rapid speed at all different directions. When a metal is heated, the free electrons vibrate faster and collide with neighbouring atoms with an increased force and frequency. Metals conduct heat extremely quickly compared to the conduction of heat in liquids. The molecules/ atoms in a fluid are spaced furtherer apart without the free electrons, meaning that it takes longer for the vibrating molecules/ atoms to collide with nearby molecules/ atoms with less force and frequency. 3. The energy from the sun travels to Earth is carried by packets of light called photons that do not need a medium to transfer heat and can occur anywhere in a vacuum. NEED MORE HYPERLINK http//www.ei.lehigh.edu/learners/energy/solar/solar1.html http//www.ei.lehigh.edu/learners/energy/solar/solar1.html IS IT TALKING ABOUT HEAT ABSORPTION Heat can be transferred through from location to another in three ways conduction, convection and radiation. Conduction is mostly occurs in solids, however, it can still take place in fluids. It is a process within a substance when it is heated, causing its individual atoms to vibrate more rapidly, colliding into neighbouring atoms. The increased speed of vibration and heat is directly transmitted through substances from atom to atom. Another method of heat transfer is convection, which is the movement within a fluid when it is heated, causing particles to speed up, expand and become less dense. This movement pushing the colder, denser particles to sink and draw closer to the heat source, consequently resulting in heat transfer. A third way heat can be transferred is through radiation, pure heat energy transmitted in waves or a stream of particles that does not need a medium to transfer heat and can occur anywhere in a vacuum. Insulation is a barrier that minimises the transfer of heat energy from one material to another by reducing the conduction, convection and/or radiation effects. Less dense substances – such as water, plastic and rubber – are better insulators because its particles are furtherer apart, decreasing the effectiveness of heat transfer. On the other hand, thermal conductivity is the degree to which a material can conduct heat. Denser materials, which include metal and graphite, are better conductors because the closer the atoms are together, the increase in the effectiveness of heat transfer. There are three different ways light can act when it hits a surface reflection, absorption of light and transmission. Reflection is the change in direction of a wave at an interface between two dissimilar media so that the wave front returns into medium from which it originated. Unlike reflection, transmission is when the vibrations of the electrons in the light wave impinges on a transparent object and are passed on to neighbouring atoms through the material until it reaches the other side. Absorption of light occurs if the given frequency of a light wave strikes a material with electrons having the same vibrational frequencies, causing those electrons to absorb the energy of the light wave and transform it into vibrational motion. During its vibration, the electrons interact with neighbouring atoms in a way which converts the kinetic energy into thermal energy. Sunlight is transformed into heat energy on Earth through the selective absorption of light by material exposed to sunlight. When a light wave with the same natural frequency of the atoms in a material, then the electrons of that atom will be set into vibrational motion. If the light wave and the vibrating electrons have the exact same frequency, then it is converted into heat energy. PART 2 INVESTIGATION REPORT Investigation Report Heat Transfer Choose ONE out of the four experiments to investigate The colour of the pizza box The type of reflector used The material used on the inside of the pizza box The angle of the reflector Aim (Write a brief aim for the investigation, what is the purpose) To investigate how colour affects the temperature of the pizza box oven because of the sele Variables (Complete the table below) INDEPENDENT (purposely changed)DEPENDENT (measured)CONTROLLED (kept the same)VARIABLES-Colour of different A4 sheets of white paper- Temperature increase from when it is inside the room to after it is left out under the sun for __ minutes-Direction the box faces the sun -Amount of time the pizza box is left outside-Amount of sunlight the box is receiving -Amount of coloured paper in the pizza box -Angle between the mirror and the box Hypothesis (Write a hypothesis showing expected relationship between independent and dependent variables) If the pizza box is painted black then its temperature increase will be greater compared to cooler pigments, such as green, yellow and white because darker colors absorb more heat. Justification of hypothesis (Use the Particle Theory of Matter and The Wave Model to justify the reasons for your hypothesis. Keywords energy transfer, kinetic energy, transmission, absorption, reflection) Be brief (1) Light waves have the same vibrational frequencies as the electrons of black objects, causing the kinetic energy of those electrons to be converted into thermal energy. On the other hand, white objects reflect all light waves and absorb significantly less heat energy due to the difference in the frequencies of light waves and its electrons. Materials (In the space below write a list of all the equipment used during the investigation.) -3 x pizza box -1 x temperature pro -3 x paint brush -1 x scissors -2 x white A4 paper -1m x clear sticky tape -1 x mirror -2 x skewers -Black, yellow and green paint -1 x protractor -3 x rubber bands -Cling wrap Risk Assessment (Complete the table below outlining all the risks and precautions for this investigation.) RiskLevel of riskPrecaution/ManagementTouching the pizza pox immediately after leaving it under the sun Minor Wear gloves to retrieve the pizza boxes Cutting fingers when using scissors ModerateFocus on the task and keep an eye on the scissors and hands at all times Dropping the mirror on the floor High Ensure the mirror is held very tightly with both hands when walking around with it. Keep the mirror far from the edge of the table to lower the chance of it falling offPaint enters eyes Moderate Wear safety glasses throughout the experiment at all times Paint is left on skinLow Wash paint off skin immediately after the experiment is finished Method (in third person, past tense) Folded the dotted lines of the pizza box to meet the needs Painted the two white A4 sheets of paper of each colour black, green and yellow Placed all six pieces of painted papers out in the sun to dry Traced the mirror, with the size of 17.96 x 23, on the inside of the top flap in the pizza box Cut the traced lines, except for the bottom flap, using a ruler and scissors Pressed the cut out the box and placed the mirror directly on the flap Used three rubber bands to secure the mirror in place, placing one on the bottom, middle and top Used cling-wrap to wrap the upper section of the pizza box with the cut-out Taped it securely on both sides, while ensuring its wrinkle-free Placed one of the painted papers inside the box Inserted two skewers inside both sides of top rubber band, which was secured around the mirror Diagrams (Make sure diagrams are 2D, drawn correctly with pencil and labelled) Results (Draw up a results table to record your results and give it a suitable title and headings TABLE TITLE _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Graph of Results (Draw a graph of your results. Give your graph a suitable title and label both axes showing units of measurement) GRAPH TITLE ____________________________________________________________________________ Discussion (complete the sections below) Describe any trends or patterns in your data. Use your research information as the basis for explaining your observations and results. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Explain how the results either confirm or refute the hypothesis and why. (2) __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Outline the potential errors in the experiment. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Outline improvements that could be made to the experiment in order to avoid the potential errors or to extend the experiment. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Conclusion Summarise the main points.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Write a concluding statement regarding the outcome of the investigation. Restate the aim and hypothesis then state if the hypothesis was supported or not supported. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Bibliography Alphabetically list and format your reference list (simply listing web addresses does not constitute a bibliography). Examples are given below of the different sources you may have used. BookBrown, J. (1999). Science and Society, Sydney McGraw- Hill Journal ArticleVessenes, P. M. (2003). The secrets of managing your time. Journal of Financial Planning, 16(8), 30-32. Retrieved from http//www.fpanet.org/journal/ Encyclopaedia or DictionaryBergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The New Encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago, IL Encyclopaedia Britannica. OR if online Diazepam. (2010). In Australian Medicines Handbook. Retrieved March 10, 2010 from http//www… InternetCooper, H.L. (2010). A brief history of tactile writing systems for readers with blindness and visual impairments. Retrieved February 23, 2016 from http//www.tsbvi.edu/seehear/spring06/history.htm HHgn6/F,CUg,rLwq 114uqJs_MgY3fZecC, 7jlISc_DE6Xsyv.8wkzD oKKXy4J
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