Education is defined as the way of encouraging learning

Education is defined as the way of encouraging learning, especially in school settings. The process of facilitating learning to learners can be either inclusive or segregating with different learning or physical challenges. Countries have a different perspective on education and as a result the provision and promoting of education differs. In South Africa, education has been shaped by different forces like the apartheid and now democratic education. The apartheid education has set many barriers in terms of education. Then the due birth of democracy South Africa has introduced inclusive education which is the education for all regardless of different abilities or social ills of learners. In this essay, I will be defining inclusive education in the South African context and furthermore discuss different challenges which are: policies as barriers/curriculum, socio-economic factors, teachers, attitudes and physical barriers in implementing inclusive education in schools.
Inclusive education in the South African context:
Since 1994 when South Africa gained independence or experience democracy radical changes were made and refurbishment of government policies from apartheid to providing inclusive and equal distribution of services. This overhaul of policies was made to address and redress the apartheid policies of segregating or separating people. One of the most known and harsh Laws or Act was the introduction of Bantu education for blacks only. The objective of this act was to make sure that blacks do not access quality education and to make them inferior. By the time goes by South Africa changed and adopted an inclusive education policy to address barriers to learning in the education system. However, the usage of this policy is hampered by the lack of teachers’ abilities and information in differentiating the curriculum to address an extensive variety of learning needs.
Drawing from the above background of South African history, inclusive education can therefore not be looked on the global perspective as, of including and providing equal education to all regardless of person’s disability or ability. By so saying education in the South African context was adopted to address different socioeconomic ills, disabilities, HIV/AIDS and other learning challenges, resulting from the apartheid policies. South Africa, therefore, documented its constitution on the development of an inclusive education, the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, Act No. 108 of 1996 (Republic of South Africa 1996). On this document under Section 29 (the Bill of Rights), it is stated that everyone has the right to ‘a basic education, including basic adult education; and to further education, which the state through reasonable measures must make progressively available and accessible’. We are therefore committed to this act. For South Africa to realize education that caters for all the policy has been drafted in Education White Paper 6: Special Needs Education: Building an Inclusive Education and Training System (Department of Education 2001). This paper or framework for inclusive education calls for all children, youth and adults have the potential to learn, given the necessary support. Lastly, the system’s inability to recognize and accommodate the diverse range of learning needs results in a breakdown of learning.

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