Born as Lev Davidovich Bronstein on 7th Nov

Born as Lev Davidovich Bronstein on 7th Nov. 1879 in modern-day Bereslavka in Ukraine.
He studied in Odessa, also in Ukraine, and, in 1896, moved to Nikolayev. Shortly after, he became involved in revolutionary activities, and, although not originally a Marxist, he soon became one. He became a part of the South Russian Workers’ Union and spread socialist propaganda. However, in January 1898, he was arrested along with around 200 other members of the union. In prison, he married to his first wife, Aleksandra Sokolovskaya, and, in 1900, he was exiled for four years to Siberia, along with his wife. In 1902, he escaped from Siberia, and moved to London, where he joined Vladimir Lenin among others as an editor of Iskra. There, he married for a second time. While in London, a clear distinction was formed between Lenin and Trotsky, as Lenin supported the Bolsheviks while Trotsky supported the Mensheviks.
Following the Bloody Sunday, Trotsky secretly returned to St. Petersburg and, after the unsuccessful revolution of 1905, he was once again arrested and sentenced to exile in Siberia. Again, he escaped to London and soon after moved to Vienna, where he spent the next 7 years. There, he supported the Austrian Social Democratic Party. After the outbreak of WWI, he moved to France, got deported to Spain and, once again, got deported from Spain to the US. After the revolution of 1917, Trotsky returned to Russia and allied with Lenin and soon became the leader of the Red Army and helped the soviet government win the Russian Civil War. He held on to powerful positions within the government until the death of Lenin in 1924. Trotsky lost the struggle for power to Stalin and was exiled in 1929 to Turkey. Most of the Trotskyists in the Soviet Union were murdered during the Great Purge. In 1936, several of Trotsky´s allies, who opposed Stalin, were sentenced to death in Moscow. In 1937, Trotsky moved to Mexico. There, he survived multiple assassination attempts, including an armed raid on his villa. Finally, he was assassinated on the 21st of August 1940 by an NKVD agent, Ramón Mercader, who served 20 years in prison in Mexico for the murder and, after his release in 1961, he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

x

Hi!
I'm Mila

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out