-84201089535

-84201089535????????? ??????? ???????
????? ????
???? ??????? ???????????
??? ????? ????????? ???? ?????????
????? ?????? ???????? ??????
??????? (The Unconscious)
???? ?????? ?????? ?????? &(Id, ego, and super-ego)?????(Sexuality),
????? ??????? ( Dreams Analysis)
Sigmund Freud–
?????
?. ???? ??? ???
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??? ????????
2019-2018

Abstract:Human psychology is a very complex thing, and it’s not always easy for science to prove something is right.we will talk about subjects that have been objected to by many arguments and criticism in 20th centuary and until now.In this study We will talk about the theory of the unconscious, the structural model of personality, the theory of instincts,and the stages of psycho-sexual development. We will learn about the Oedipus and Electra nodes, and then we will talk about the interpretation of dreams and their purposes.All of those topics according to Sigmund Freud’s view.

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TOC o “1-3” h z u 1.?????: PAGEREF _Toc518154963 h 42.????? ???????: PAGEREF _Toc518154964 h 53.??????? ??????? ??????? (The Structural Model of Personality): PAGEREF _Toc518154965 h 61.3 ???? ( Id): PAGEREF _Toc518154966 h 62.3 ????? (ego): PAGEREF _Toc518154967 h 73.3 ????? ?????? (super ego): PAGEREF _Toc518154968 h 7????? ?????? ?????? Defence Mechanisms PAGEREF _Toc518154969 h 84 ????? ??????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154970 h 91.4????? ????? ??????? (Eros): PAGEREF _Toc518154971 h 92.4 ????? ????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154972 h 10????? ????????? ?????????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154973 h 105 ????? ???????? ??????? ???????(Psychosexual Stages of Development): PAGEREF _Toc518154974 h 101.5 ??????? ???????? (Oral Stage 0-1 years) : PAGEREF _Toc518154975 h 102.5 ??????? ????????(Anal Stage 1-3 years): PAGEREF _Toc518154976 h 113.5 ??????? ????????? (Phallic Stage 3 to 5 or 6 years): PAGEREF _Toc518154977 h 11????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154978 h 11????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????: PAGEREF _Toc518154979 h 114.5 ????? ???????: ( Latency Stage 5 or 6 to puberty) PAGEREF _Toc518154980 h 115.5 ??????? ????????? (Genital Stage puberty to adult): PAGEREF _Toc518154981 h 116-????? ??????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154982 h 121.6 ??????? ??? ?????: PAGEREF _Toc518154983 h 122.6 ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????: PAGEREF _Toc518154984 h 133.6 ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154985 h 134.6 ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??????: PAGEREF _Toc518154986 h 145.6 ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????? PAGEREF _Toc518154987 h 14o????? ????? ???? ????? PAGEREF _Toc518154988 h 14o????? ????? PAGEREF _Toc518154989 h 15o????? ????????? PAGEREF _Toc518154990 h 166.6 ?????? ????????? ?? ????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154991 h 167.6 ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? PAGEREF _Toc518154992 h 187 ??????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154993 h 208. ??????? : PAGEREF _Toc518154994 h 21
1.?????:?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????…??????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ,???? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ..???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????(1939-1856) ??? ??????? ??????(the father of psychoanalysis)…. ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ,??????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????????? …??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ,????? ??? ???? : 1- ?????? ?????(1809-1882) ???? ??? ????? ??? ???????(the Origin of Species) ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??? 1859 ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ,???? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ,??? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ,?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????, 2-?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ,??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????,??? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ????? (Ernst Brücke) ??? 1873 ? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? , ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ,3- ????? ?? ???????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? (1893-1825)?? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????? (1925-1842 )?? ???????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??????, 4- ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? “????? ??????? “??? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???.IEP-life,back of his thought………”??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????()”,??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ..??? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????? “???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? “.

?? ?? ????? ?????? ?!..???? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?!..???? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ,??? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??????!
??????? ????? ? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????.?? ???? ??? ???????.

2.????? ???????:
?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? : ???? ??? 1885 ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ,???? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ,???? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????? _????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???????_???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ,??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? “???????” ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????, ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?????????.
??? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ? ????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? _???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? _?? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? . Encyclopædia Britannica
?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??? “????” ????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ?????
??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? (????????)?? ???? ??????? ,????? ?????? ,??????? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ,???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?????(Nothing Comes “Out of the Blue”)??? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????.

????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? (???????) ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????(???????) . new world encyclopedia
???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ,????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ??????,??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ,????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????(risistance ) ??????? ?????????? ,??? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? .

?????? https://www.simplypsychology.org/Sigmund-Freud.html3.??????? ??????? ??????? (The Structural Model of Personality):????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????.

1.3 ???? ( Id):???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???????? (????????) ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????? _??? ??? ?????_ ???? ???? ?? ????? ????????, ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ,???????? ???? ???? ???? ??????(pleasure principle )????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? .

????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? (primary process) ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????.

2.3 ????? (ego):?? ???? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????,???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??????,??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????? .??? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???????? ,?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ,???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ????????? ( secondary process)????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? :????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ,????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ,????? ??? ???? ??????? ,?????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ,???????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ,????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????.

3.3 ????? ?????? (super ego):???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ,? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ,????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????? ,??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? .

???????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? :
??????? ??????????? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????.

????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? .

???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? SEQ ???_?????? * alphabetic ahttps://www.simplypsychology.org/psyche.html
???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ,?? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ???? .

??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? .

??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? .

?????? : http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Defense_mechanism38100099060
???? ?????? ???? ???? ????: ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?
??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????.

????? ?????? ?????? Defence Mechanisms
?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????:
???? ??? ????? ???? . 2-???? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??????,3- ??? ???? ?????
??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? :
1-????? (Repression): ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????????,???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ,???? ?????? ????? ??? ???? .

2-??????? (Sublimation):????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ???,???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????
3-?????? 🙁 Regression) ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ,???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ,??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????.

4-?????? :(Identification)
?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ,??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? .

4 ????? ??????? :??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????????.

???? ????? ?? ????? “????? ???????? ???????” ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? : ????? ????? ??????? ,??????? ????? .

1.4????? ????? ??????? (Eros):??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ????? (????? ????? ) ???? ???????(????? ??????) ,??? ???? ????? ????? (????? ???????) ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ,?? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?????????(??? ???????).

????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????. ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ,?????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? _ ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? _???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ,????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???????(?? ????? ?????? ?????).

2.4 ????? ????? :????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????? (????? ??? ) ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ,??? ???? ?????????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? .

????? ????????? ?????????? :??? ????? ????? ?????????(????? ????? ??????? )?????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ,???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???????? .

?? ??????? ?????????? ???? ???? ??? ????????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? :
???????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? , ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? : ?????????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????.
????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ,????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? .

??? ????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????.

5 ????? ???????? ??????? ???????(Psychosexual Stages of Development):”?? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ,?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ” CITATION sig05 l 1025 (fraud? 1905)???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? :
1.5 ??????? ???????? (Oral Stage 0-1 years) : ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????? (????? ),???? ??? ?????? ???????? ,????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ,???? ????? “??? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????”2003 ,Jacobs????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?????.

2.5 ??????? ????????(Anal Stage 1-3 years):???? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????? ????? ,????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? –??????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ,?????? ???? ????? ???????? ????????? _?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ????_ ,??????? ?????? ????????? .??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????.

3.5 ??????? ????????? (Phallic Stage 3 to 5 or 6 years):
????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????
???? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????
????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? :??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? .

?????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ,????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? .???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ,?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ,???? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ,?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ,? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ,???? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????? Encyclopædia Britannica, newworldencyclopedia, Oedipus_complex
????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????:????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??????. ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ?????.
Encyclopædia Britannica, newworldencyclopedia, Oedipus_complex
4.5 ????? ???????: ( Latency Stage 5 or 6 to puberty)????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? .

5.5 ??????? ????????? (Genital Stage puberty to adult):??? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??????.??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? .???? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? . Encyclopædia Britannica
529590323215???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????:
??????: https://www.simplypsychology.org/psychosexual.html
6-????? ??????? :
???? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ,????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ,????????,????? ???????? ????? ?????.

1.6 ??????? ??? ?????:
??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????, ?? ??? ?????( 384 ?.? – 322 ?.? ) ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ,???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??…???? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ((1855-1777 ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????,?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???????! ..?? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????!..???? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ..???????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????. .. .???? ?????? ????????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????….?????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????????.

2.6 ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????:?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ? ???? ,??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? .??? ?? ????? ?!
??? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ,??? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?????? , ?? ??????? ??????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ,????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ????.????? ???????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ,?????? ????? ?? ?????,.??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????.

3.6 ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? :??????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? .

??? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ,??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ,??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ,???????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ,???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? “??? ?????” ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ,??????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????????.?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????.????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ????(????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ) ??? ???????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? (?????? ??????? )?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? (???? ????? ????)??????? ??? ????(?????? ???????? ????? ?????),??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??????,????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????”????? ???????” ,????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ,?????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? : ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ,??? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ” ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ,?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?????,???????? ????? ?????????.????? ????? ????? :????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???????,??? ????? .

4.6 ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??????:
??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ,??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ???????. Encyclopædia Britannica
????? ???? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? _?? ???? ?? ???_?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????,????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ????? _??? ??????? ?? ???_ ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ,????????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??????,??? ???? ?? ??? ????????,?????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? .
5.6 ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? :
????? ????? ???? ????????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? , ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????.

?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?!??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ,??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????,????? ????? ??? ????? .?????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????,??? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ,??????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???,??? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? .????? ????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ,???? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? .????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ???????????.

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??????? ?? ????? ????? 1- ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ,2- ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? .

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6.6 ?????? ????????? ?? ????? :????? ???? ???? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????,????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????,?????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????.????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? “??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? . ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ,???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???????,???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????.??? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???????_????? ???? ?? ???? ????_ ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ,?????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ,???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ,? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ,?? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? .

???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? .?? ??? ???????? ????????? ??????? :
??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ,?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ,??????? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ,??????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????….

??? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ,?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????.

??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? .?? ???? ??????? ???? ?! ?? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????.

???????? ?????? ????? The Encyclopedia Britannicao???? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??:
???????(condensation):??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? .

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???????? ????????(secondary revision) :??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? (??????? ?????? )????? ????? ??????? ????? .

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7.6 ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ,?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????.

??????? ??? ????? ????? ?????:
1-???? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? .

2-???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ,???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? .

3-???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? .

????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ,????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????,??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ???????.

????? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????, ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ,????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ,????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? .??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?!?? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????????
1-???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???,????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????.

2-??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ,??? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ,????? ?????? ??? :??? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?! ??? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ,??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? .

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??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? (?????? ?? ????? ????? ).

????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ????? .

????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????????,????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? .

?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ,?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? .???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ..??? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ,??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? .

??? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????!
??????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? .????? (????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????) ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ,??? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????????.

7 ??????? :????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ???????? .????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? .

????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ????????,??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ,??????? ,?? ??? ?????.

??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ????????. ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????????!??????? :?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ,????? ????? :???? ????,??? ?? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????(427 ?.? – 347 ?.?) :
“??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ,??? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? …”
??????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ,????? ????? ???? ?? ???? (????? ????? ??????? )?? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? .??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??? ????.

???? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ???.

8. ??????? :Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP), Sigmund Freud (1856—1939)
The Encyclopedia Britannica
Sigmund Freud: Oedipus complex
Sigmund Freud :Early life and training
Sigmund Freud:The Interpretation of Dreams
New World Encyclopedia
Defense mechanism
Ego, superego, and id
Oedipus complex
??????? ????? ????? ??????? 1899,????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??????- ???.

??????? ????? ????? ????? 1923,????? ???? ????? ????? (??? ?????? –??? ?????? ???????, (1966
??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????1940,????? ???? ??????? (??? ??????? –?????, ?????? ??????? ????(1986
??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????? 1905,????? ???? ??????? (??? ??????? –?????, ?????? ??????? ??(1983

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Hi!
I'm Mila

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