(a)a Ways to manage stress –
Be active; Exercise won’t make your stress disappear, but it will reduce some of the emotional intensity that you’re feeling, clearing your thoughts and letting you to deal with your problems more calmly.
Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine; Avoid or at least reduce your consumption of nicotine and any drinks containing caffeine and alcohol.
Swap caffeinated and alcohol drinks for water, herbal teas, or diluted natural fruit juices and aim to keep yourself hydrated as this will enable your body to cope better with stress.
Physical activities; stressed situations increase the level of stress hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol in your body.
When you feel stressed and tense, go for a brisk walk in fresh air. Try to incorporate some physical activity into your daily routine on a regular basis, either before or after work, or at lunchtime. Regular physical activity will also improve the quality of your sleep.
Get more sleep; A lack of sleep is a significant cause of stress. Though stress also interrupts our sleep as thoughts keep whirling through our heads, stopping us from relaxing enough to fall asleep. Avoid excessive alcohol as well as caffeine during the evening. Stop doing any mentally demanding work several hours before going to bed so that you give your brain time to calm down
Try relaxation techniques; you can try self-hypnosis which is very easy and can be done anywhere, even at your desk or in the car. One very simple technique is to focus on a word or phrase that has a positive meaning to you. Word such as “love,” peace”, focus on your chosen word or phrase. If you find yourself becoming tense later, simply silently repeat your word or phrase.
Talk to someone; Talking can work by either distracting you from your stressful thoughts or releasing some of the built-up tension by discussing it.
Keep a stress diary; keeping a stress diary for a few weeks is an effective stress management tool as it will help you become more aware of the situation which cause you to become stress
Take control; Stress can be triggered by a problem that may on the surface seen impossible to solve. Learning how to find solutions to your problems will help you feel more in control thereby lowering your level of stress.
Manage your time; Make a list of all the things that you need to do and list them in order of genuine priority. Note what tasks you need to do personally and what can be delegated to others to do.
Record which tasks need to be done immediately, in the next week, in the next month, or when time allows.