1.2 Explain child protection within a wider concept of safeguarding children and young people.

Child protection is about promoting the welfare of children and young people by keeping them safe from any danger or abuse. As professionals we have a duty of care to protect all children within our care, ensuring that they are safe and healthy.

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All agencies involve with children, young people must collaborate effectively and take reasonable measures to minimize any risk or danger. For instance, if there are any concerns all parties must act promptly in accordance to policies and procedures regarding the child’s best interest.

1.3 Analyse how national and local guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding affect day to day work with children and young people.

Childcare practice – is everyone who is in contact with a child at school, nurseries and early years settings, child minders and children’s home. They should have a valid DSB check before any interaction with children. It is a legal requirement for anyone working in childcare practice to be fully trained and adhere to the organisation policy and procedures about safeguarding children.

Child protection – at my school of placement the policy and procedures clearly state that staff members, student and volunteer, If I have any concern about a child who is encountering any form of abuse I am aware of the appropriate person to contact. For safeguarding purpose, it must be documented with the date and time it is highlighted, if it is anything that is a cause for concern the school must make sure it is followed up. Parent must be make aware if the child photograph will be used for specific reason.

Risk assessment is very essential it must be carried out on every child before they participate in any activities that could cause harm for example we when on a school trip to the farm and it was our responsibility that all children was strap properly into their seat belt. This was to avoid and danger to the children if the driver has to break suddenly.

1.4 Explain when and why inquires and serious case reviews are required and how the sharing of the findings informs practice.

Serious Case standing panel meet up as soon as a case is booked for review roughly to investigate

A Serious Case Review (SCR) is a locally conducted multi-agency review in circumstances where a child has been abused or neglected, resulting in serious harm or death and there is cause for concern as to the way in which the relevant authority or persons have worked together to safeguard the child.

The purpose of a SCR is not to reinvestigate or apportion blame, but to:

establish what lessons are to be learned from the case about the way in which local professionals and organisations work individually and together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children;
identify clearly what those lessons are both within and between agencies, how and within what timescales they will be acted on, and what is expected to change as a result; and,
improve cross agency working and better safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
Victoria Climbe case was reviewed due to the tragedy of the poor child death it was proven to be of negligence as to how it was dealt with why none of the professional involved in her case did not suspect anything to save her life. It was proven to be a lack of communication and working relationship between the agencies such as health professionals, welfare services and schools.

1.5 Explain how the processes used by own work setting or service comply with legislation that covers data protection, information handling and sharing.

Please refer to H Forms

2.1 Explain the importance of safeguarding children and young people

Safeguarding is very essential for protecting children from abuse, we all have a vital role to play within a child life preventing them from maltreatment. Ensuring that all children are brought up in circumstances consistent with the provision safe and effective care.

However, to be successful every individual involved must to work together with the child best interest to get a good result, Safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility we all have a duty of care.

2.2 Explain the importance of a child or young person-centred approach

Child – centred approach is to form empowering relationship with children, clear understanding of their needs and views. Children wants to be respected, their voice to be heard and a stable relationship with professional’s base on trust and consistent support.

Children’s wishes must be taken into account during any decision making to give them a sense of belonging, not to be made to feel as though its them who’s to blame this should be done in a sensitive manner and they should be listened to attentively and clarifying how they are feeling and what they would like.

2.3 Explain what is meant by partnership working in the context of safeguarding.

Several agencies working together making sure that children are safeguard. It is essential that they collaborate effectively ensuring that they are secured and not exposed to any danger or harm. All professionals involve have different knowledge and have a duty of care to contribute to the case brought forward pertaining to the child.

It is important we all work and communicate together within the child best interest out lining how those needs will be met. The common assessment framework provides a way for early intervention for children before it reaches crisis point. It is a shared assessment and planning framework for all communication and that information is shared between different professionals and organisations. The assessment framework centres on child safeguarding and promoting welfare. The team around the child places the emphasis firmly on the need of the child, rather than an organisations or service provides.

2.4 Describe the roles and responsibilities of the different organisations that may be involved when a child or young person has been abused or harmed.

· NSPCC – The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is a charity with a duty to protect children from abuse and neglect and have the Statutory power to bring care proceeding.

· To talk through any concern you have, NSPCC hold child protection register.

· School and Governing Bodies – Governors work as a team. They are responsible for making sure the school provides a good quality education for all pupils. Raising educational standards in school is a key priority. This has the best chance of happening when there are high expectations of what pupils can achieve.
Governors promote effective ways of teaching and learning when setting the school aims and policies. They do this together with the head teacher, who is responsible for the day-to-day management of the school.
Head teachers are recruited and selected by governors – and most head teachers choose to be governors themselves.

· Governing boards are accountable to parents, the local community and the Local Authority or the Trustees. Appointments are for three or usually for four years. The governing board’s main role is to help raise pupils’ standards of achievement.

· The school operates safe recruitment procedures and make sure all appropriate checks are carried out on staff and volunteers that comply with guidance from the local authority

· Ofsted – aims to assure a safe and secure provision for children, young people and learners across all remits through effective inspection and regulation, therefore, safeguarding the welfare of children, young people and some vulnerable adult learners.

· Health Visitors – are registered nurses who visit, support and educate families with children, from pregnancy to the age of five, promoting good health and preventing illness.

· Health visitors help families to maintain the health of young children. This often involves home visits. Key responsibilities include:

· Providing health advice and health education programmes

· Undertaking developmental assessments of babies and children

· Helping people come to terms with their illnesses, such as post-natal depression

· Police – work closely with other agencies to protect children from danger and harm, maintain law and order: protect members of the public and their property; and prevent, detect and investigate crime.

· Doctor – examine children for other injury and given evidence in court.